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Dot Lang's  Flower Notes for east Wise County, Texas
Flowers by Color
Work in Progress!
I am trying to verify id's and have found errors. Family pages will appear eventually so you may view  larger photos thru those pages. 
White to Green Flowers
Click on linked Family name, species name, or thumbnails to view more photos and my plant notes.
Plant family in alphabetical order by Scientific family name. 
Most are in the Dicot Class, Monocots noted in yellow with a * by their Family name.
Cells with this color are 
Foreign invasives

Native but not in my fields:

Scientific Family Name
Common Family Name
Common name(s)
Genus, species
Agavaceae *
Century Plant Family
Arkansas Yucca, Softleaf Yucca
Yucca arkansana 
Yucca __?__, red stem, consistently blooms a few weeks later than the Arkansas Yucca at left.   only have one clump left of this one. Doesn't do well in really cold winters. will probably disappear from my land.

Sumac Family

Poison Ivy
Toxicodendron radicans
Shiney 3-leafed plant, turns red in the fall.  Photo at left is new spring growth.  Am waiting to find one bearing flowers.  You may find this growing as a shrub or growing as a vine, clinging to a tree or fence post with aerial roots.  Aggressive runners, too. Worthy to note on any page because of it's toxic nature when touched.  Skin rashes can be severe. The smoke is just as toxic.  If you have been in contact with the plant, wash yourself asap and wash all clothing & shoes that may have contacted it ~ with soap.

Parsley Family
 Prairie Bishop's Weed 7,1
Bifora americana
.underside of floral umbel.
Prairie Bishop's Weed 7,1
Bifora americana
seedPrairie Bishop's Weed is easily recognized by it's double seed pod as shown and it's featherly looking leaves.  It's a nectar source for the Black Swallowtail and other butterflies and insects.  Also a host to the Black Swallowtail Catepillar.

Wild Chervil
Chaerophyllum tainturieri var. taintrieri  (Hook) 7
First noticed June 2015
Knotted Hedge-parsley
Torilis nodosa 7
lawn weed

Holly Family

Yaupon Holly
Ilex vomitoria

# Texas ornamental

Native, used commercially as a small landscape tree which tolerates shape pruning.  Bees, wasps love this when in bloom. Birds will eat the red berries as a last resort. Drought tolerant. Also, poisonous.  I have also found the notorious puss, tree asp, or southern flannel moth caterpillar on mine several years ago. Such a soft catepillar with  nasty, stinging spines hidden in it's "fur".

Milkweed Family
Antelope Horn
Asclepias asperula1,2
Leaves are rounded and wavy
Green Milkweed
Asclepias viridis1,2
.Starting to bud in late June 2013.  Found several plants this year.
Green Comet Milkweed
Asclepias viridiflora
Asclepias stenophylla7,10
found locally
Aster Family
Sunflower Family


White-flowered Rosinweed
Silphium albiflorum 1,7
White Barbara's Buttons
Marshallia caespitosa 1

Old Plainsman, Woolly White
Hymenopappus tenuifolius 
Annual Aster
 Symphyotrichum divaricatum
Heath Aster
Symphyotrichum ericoides

Texas Aster
Symphyotrichum drummondii
found near neighboring creek.

Evax species,
Rabbit's Tobacco, pygmy cudweed

Plains black Foot,
Melampodium leucanthum1
Picture taken in  Bosque County

Brickellia eupatorioides 3, 2, 7
False Bonset
found in neighboring field, 1/2 miles south of us. 2014, 2015

Parthenium hysterophorus
False Ragweed
not a nice weed but cute flowers; can cause skin irritations. Have heard birds love the flowers.
Iva angustifolia, 10
Narrowleaf sumpweed
Heliotropium tenellum 7, 10
1st noticed May 2015
 Buglossoides arvensis
Lithospermum arvense

Seed pods.
Buglossoides arvensis 7
Mustard Family
Wedge-Leaf Draba
Draba cuneiflolia 5
Pepper Grass
Lepidium .......... 
several species within the state
Pepper Grass
Lepidium ........
(minute flowers)
mustard, unknown yet
. Capsella bursa-pastoris 
Shepard's Purse
Campion Family
Rock Sandwort
Minuartia michauxii7
shale, chalky soil (rocks).  After flowering, leaves dry to become like spines. perennial. short clump. Spring  May 24 2015.  May have been wiped out in lake  flood on our place. Lots of seedlings 2016.  Hope they make it.
Cerastium ........

Thyme-leaf Sandwort
Arenaria serpyllifolia 7

Morning Glory Family

Texas Bindweed
Convolvulus equitans 1
white with red dot variation

Texas Bindweed
Covolvulus equitans 1
white variation with flower not completly unfolded.

not id'd yet.
Larger than C. equitans
Dodder Family

Cuscuta __?____
Dodder - a parasitic plant in bloom - the orange strings with white flowers. Several different species. Annual so dies each year and comes back from seeds.

Dodder on a Fabiaceae plant.

[did not do well in the flooding lake 2015 but survived]
2020 Its still surviving.

Dodder on Snakeherb
possibly a Sedge

Unknown Sedge - short, approx 15cm tall
1st noticed May 2015
. .

Spurge Family
Bull Nettle
Cnidoscolus texanus
Spring, Summer
Careful, Spines are quite painful.
Euphorbia Bicolor
Summer, Fall

Warty Euphorbia
Euphorbia spathulata Lam. 7 spring, annual
bumpy seedpods

Acalypha ostryifolio (Riddel)7
Hop-Hornbeam Copperleaf

Euphorbia dentata 7,8
Toothed spurge

Euphorbia longicruris (Scheele)7
Wedge leaf Euphorbia
smooth seed pods, late winter, spring, annual

Euphorbia missurica aka Chamaesyce missurica
Prairie Spurge
Bean / Pea Family

long seed pods in group
Slender lobed bundleflower seedpods
Desmanthus leptolobus, Torrey & A.Gray 7
Extensive Description by Trout

Desmanthus leptolobus, Torrey & A.Gray 7
in flower

Desmanthus illinoensis 7,Trout
Prairie-Mimosa, Illinois Bundle-Flower, locally found

Liliaceae *
Lily Family
False Garlic, Crow's Poison
Nothoscordum bivalve
Evening-Star Rain Lily
Cooperia drummondii 1

Wild Hyacinth
Camassia scilloides 1,7
spring, white variety
2Wild Onion, Meadow Onion
Allium canadense7
mid to late spring; plant about 6 to 15 inches tall.
var. canadense also found
2Drummond's Onion
Allium drummondii 
early spring to summer, plant about 6" tall. white to pink flowers
Moonseed Family

Cocculus carolinus7, 10
Snailseed, Coralbead 
Waiting for the snailseed to have flowers and berries, suffered severly from lake flooding 2015 but did come back..
Finally, berries in the fall:--->
Four O'Clock Family
Narrow Leaf 4-O'clock
Mirabilis .......
summer, fall; white variety
. .
Evening Primrose Family
White Gaura
Gaura sulfata
spring, fall
False Gaura
Oenothera glaucifolia 
syn. Stenosiphon linifolius
spring, summer, fall


Showy Evening Primrose
Oenothera speciosa2

Texas ornamental, locally found

Gaura sinuata Nutt.7
. .
Orchidaceae *
Orchid Family 
Great Plains Ladies' Tresses
Spiranthes magnicamporum 7

flowers in fall 
Leaves in early Spring

floral shoots, Oct. 5, 2015
frost damaged flowers
Frost damaged flowers
Poppy Family
White Prickly Poppy
Argemone albiflora subsp. texana
spring, Wise County
. .
Sesame Family
Devil's Claw, Ram's Horns
Proboscidea louisianica
long Devil's Claw seed pod opened.  More plants 2015
summer.  Again, plants in 2020
Timeline - short from flower to split ripe seedpod.
07/01 - first flowers open
07/02 : pod forms
07/17: pod matures & has enlarged
07/18: pod gets first sign of ageing
08/05: pod starts turning brown and splitting open, releasing first band of seeds..
Plant continues to produce flowers and grow larger.  Leaves  are large, palm size and larger.
Plantain Family
Heller's Plantain
Plantago helleri
.Plantago rhodosperma
a young plantain
Plantago ______
Plantago major
Poaceae *
Grass Family
Milkwort Family
White Milkwort
Polygala alba
. .

Purslane Family
Spring Beauty
Claytonia virginica
early spring

Spring Beauty in bud.
Crowfoot Family
Ten-Petal Anemone
Anemone berlandieri
Prairie Larkspur
Delphinium carolinianum
spring [did well in spring 2015 due to wet spring, cold winter. and again in 2019]
Buckthorn Family
love this one, very fragrant
Prairie Redroot
Ceanothus herbaceus
Prairie Redroot is an herbacious perennial, dropping leaves for the winter.  Blooms in early spring.  Tan seeds in Black  pods, hard to germinate according to sources. Slow growing shrub if not cut down by a mower.  Nearby fields have some that are about 2 feet tall.
young Seedpods,  When dispersing seeds, pod opens quickly and sends round seeds flying!
Rose Family
The green flowers in this photo, not the yellow
Prairie Burnet or Western Burnet
Sanguisorba annua 5
spring; appear to be wiped out from lake flood May 24, 2015 on our property.  Will watch for any plants that may decide to sprout from seed.

Sanguisorba annua 5

Prunus angustifolia
Shrub, about 3-4 ft tall.  Old stands of these form round stands in fields in my area.  Have seen some about 30 ft. in diameter.  Makes noticeable display of white when in bloom in the fields. Possibly Oklahoma Plum.  Will be watching these more closely.

Rosa foliosa 10
White Prairie Rose
Madder Family
Pale Pink
Field Bladder
Sherardia arvensis

Piedmont Bedstraw
Galium pedemontanum (Bellardi) All. 9
small invasive weed 
Citrus or Rue Family

Zanthoxylum hirsutum7, 10
Prickly Ash

flowers of
Zanthoxylum hirsutum: a shrub or small tree; prickles all over! host to Giant Swallowtail butterfly.
Smilaceae * Greenbriar
Smilax bona-nox
Vine, prickly,
Soapberry Family

Cardiospermum halicacabum 7
Common Balloonvine, Heartseed

Considered a noxious plant in Texas according to USDA

Cardiospermum halicacabum
papery husk for a seed pod. This one has been removed from my landscape.  Most likely grew from seed dropped by a bird.
Figwort Family
Prairie penstemon, Fairy Bells
Penstemon cobaea 
spring perennial, color varies to pink.

Downy Paintbrush
Castilleja purpurea 2, 7
perennial, semi parasitic; this one is actually a very, very pale pink.
local neighboring field.

Veronica peregrina ssp. xalapensis
Nightshade Family

Long-leaf Groundcherry
Physalis longifolia Nutt.

Physalis species,
a Ground cherry

Valerian Family

 Corn Salad
Valerianella woodsiana

I found 2 sizes of flowers in my fields.  One plant would have tiny, flowers, a plant right next to it would have flowers  at least double that size. Are there separate male/female plants?
Verbena Family
reminds me of a fancy button
Texas Frog-Fruit
Lippia nodiflora (L) Michx1, 7
Phyla nodiflora 2,
spring, summer
Texas Frog-fruit is an herbacious perennial, leaving long ground-creeping woody stems bare in winter.  Leafs out by mid spring.  Can make a good ground cover for summer if kept weeded.
2016: Had quite a few this year in lower field and the small butterfly that uses it as its host.

Prairie Verbena, Dakota Vervain
Glandularia bipinnatifida

white variety, not as common as pink or purple flowered variations according to sources.

Violet Family

Green Violet, Nodding Violet
Hybanthus verticillatus7

Plant is growing in semi-shade, about 10 inches tall, mounds, clay/rocky soil. flower only 1 cm long. Burr Williams id'd it for me.

Green Violet
Also found in field just northeast
of my place and in my dry  field.
Grape Family

Virginia Creeper
Parthenocissus quinquefolia

Virginia Creeper, new growth

Virginia Creeper, old growth showing tendrils clinging to old wood fence.

Cow-itch, possum grape
Cissus incisa

Cissus incisa
berries on left, floral buds on right

# Cells with this mark are native cultivares; (not found naturally in my fields)
* In the Monocot Class.

As ID'd from:

1 Wild Flowers of Texas book by Geyata Ajilvsgi, revised ed. 2003
2Lady Bird Johnson WildFlower Center website,
3Kansas State Wildflowers website.
4100 Texas Wildflowers by Dorothy Baird Mattiza for the Native Plant Society of Texas, 1993
5 Native Plant Society of Texas
6 Texas Wildflowers by Leo Meier & Jan Reid
7 Shiner & Mahler's Illustrated Flora of North Central Texas by Diggs, Lipscomb & O'Kennon, 1999
8  Google searches used to help verify and find more info
USDA website Plant Database
10 Texas Flora on facebook

Wildflower Bibliography & Link page

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